Friday, July 3, 2020

Optimism in John Steinbecks The Grapes of Wrath - Free Essay Example

An exhibition of fundamental American optimism, The Grapes of Wrath follows and exemplifies the resilience of the lower class over the hardships of class prejudice. Director John Ford blends the harsh austerity of John Steinbecks 1939 political novel with his own strong populist and republican beliefs, leaning on the genuinity of his actors and of the camera to sculpt a simple and believable interpretation. Ford uses the severe candor of life during the Great Depression as an operative device in his film; using its simplicity and soft sadness as an element to aid in imitation. The Grapes of Wrath teems with examples of Fords affinity for visual expression. Unreliant on verbal cues as a means of communication, Ford illustrates the specific characteristics of each of his characters solely by the way that they exist; how they stand, their reaction to the land as they pass through. For example, Ma Joads cleaning up of the old house is shown without dialogue, but her careful discovery of a forgotten pair of earrings and subsequent wistful longing for an easier past could hardly be better expressed with words. The Joads journey across the country is made predominantly in silence, but depicted all the more impactfully because of this focus on the actors physical and internal emotions as opposed to those spoken. Fords choice incorporation of many of these elements is indicative of a deep understanding and connection that he felt with the extraordinary qualities of the ordinary American. He intentionally hones in on this awareness, focusing on the genuine and simplistic facets of the story to achieve a more realistic film.Specifically, Ford depends hugely on the actors and the effect that purely their acting can have on the film without concentrating too much on screenplay or cinematic elements. He hires an all-star cast of performers, but establishes that they are all picturesque as well as plausible. There is John Qualen as Mulee, a fugitive on his own land, John Carradine as Casey, the preyed upon preacher, and Jane Darwell as Ma Joad, the wise, matriarchal figure who defines the movie mor e so than Tom Joad ever could. These faces appear to belong so naturally with their characters that the audience sympathizes all the more easily with the family and with the story in general. Each actor worked with Ford to craft a believable persona for themselves which they carry throughout the whole movie. In the scene in which Grandpa Joad dies, lines such as Looks like a lot of times the governments got more interest in a dead man than an alive man and ..if I was to pray Id pray for folks thats alive and dont know which way to turn! and the delivery of these lines work to evoke in the audience a sympathetic and very personal feel, which resonates throughout the entire film. Ford repeatedly uses this technique of subtle undertones to craft a theme and moral that is not necessarily evident without some scrutiny. Similarly, Ford, along with his cinematographer Gregg Toland, fuse multiple aspects of cinematography such as less lighting, which achieve the look of a barren Oklahoma and Eden-looking California, or of wide-angle lenses coupled with deep-focus shooting, which make the faces of the Joads seem malnourished and forced in close-up, and depicts the true breath of the Oklahoma landscape. Fords choice to incorporate solely match-lit scenes or simply naturally dark lighting functions to create a plausible portrayal of the realities of Great Depression era America. By letting the scenes unfold with what would be natural lighting should the scenes occur in real life, Ford creates yet another pathway for the audience to allow themselves to be truly swept away by the film. Toland was unique more in the degree to which he pushed expressionistic lighting effects in studio pictures for dramatic stories, utilizing the grainy nature of black-and-white picture to mimic and capture the coarse quality of pictures taken during the Great Depression in an effort to create a documentary style imitation of those pictures.Ultimately, the film hopes to emulate the realities of the families living through a time when ones basic societal economic system is jeopardized. Capitalism is dependent upon a free market, wage labor, and privately owned businesses, as opposed to state-owned ones. In The Grapes of Wrath, we see exactly how capitalism failed the Joads their farm when they are unable to produce crops due to the drought. They cannot pay the bank what they owe for their land nor the landlords what they owe for the house and land they lease. Steinbeck (and Ford) criticize the economic system that drove farmers to homelessness and extreme poverty, but do not advocate e ntirely anti-capitalist beliefs; rather, offer a corrective view of capitalism seeking to re-humanize the modes of production and to reinforce the idea that people should maintain basic human rights within an industrialized economy. Alternatively, they do not completely promote communist beliefs (though to do so would not have been so condemned as it would post-World War II), but instead propose a reconciliation between the capitalistic, mechanized cities of America following the Second Industrial Revolution and the majority of the countrys more traditional, agrarian population. Additionally, Ford goes on to contradict Steinbeck in his adaptation of the novel by illustrating his faith in the will of the American people to adapt and sustain, a concept immortalized by the final, added scene of the film wherein Ma Joad delivers her famous speech. She states But we keep a-comin. Were the people that live. Cant nobody wipe us out. Cant nobody lick us. Well go on forever, Pa. Were the people This, along with the meticulous inclusion of a variety of cinematic elements, effectively summarizes Fords intended theme of the movie: that although the conditions in America remain uncertain and oftentimes flawed, it is the grit and resilience of the working American people that epitomizes the American Dream, and which allows them the elasticity to drive forward and survive even when the very land they stand on is pulled out from under them.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Adolf Hitler Biography - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1047 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/08/06 Category People Essay Level High school Tags: Adolf Hitler Essay Did you like this example? Adolf Hitler was known for his dark hatred, and no respect for other ethnic groups other than his love for Germans. Even though he was born in Austria, he was growing to hate that specifically the German society was being ran by people that were primarily Jewish decent. Hitler was not all always like this cruel person, he had a different ambition that he wanted to purse which was so far away from what he turned out to be. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Adolf Hitler Biography" essay for you Create order World War II was an era where Germany, United States and other nations were at war and Hitler was a big part of why that is. He was born into a middle-class family on April 20 1889 and his parents Alois who was average man that worked a decent job as Austro- Hungarian customs officer for cross border goods. His mother Klara who cared for him and his siblings just as a normal family of society. Until his father retired and gained a temper issue and began to rage take it out on his sons. But that didnt stop young Adolf from pursuing his interest in becoming an artist. His ambition to become an artist started so young and he wanted nothing to do with a desk job. He moved to Vienna with a good friend who was a musician because he saw that it was a land of fascinating opportunity to become an artist and make a life doing what he loved. But his abilities of artistry were questionable because he was denied twice from the Academy of Fine Arts. As a result, he became homeless in Vienna and li ved as a reclusive nomad for five years. Adolf Hitler then witnessed the Germany army mobilization in 1 August 1914 against the Russians, which led to his enlistment into the Bavarian army as an infantryman. He knew that he would have food, shelter and get training to for Germany in World War I. He served for six years and injured once by Mustard Gas and witnessed a lot of friends in his years of service on the western front and realize that it could have been him as well. Hitler was lucky enough to live through that and realize he was a natural pubic speaking that in which he used to help him take an interest in the Germans Workers Party. Later he influenced a change to the Nazi Party and by 1921 almost three thousand members were a part of Hitlers Political Party and attracted more influential allies that would enable the future operations the Nazi Germany Party. Even though the Nazi Party was rapidly growing but Hitler was on trial for the uprising of the Nazi Party revolution along with eight others. He spends five years in Landsberg Prison and was kept in good living quarters was very cooperative due to his affirmed role of responsibility. After his five years of incarceration, Adolf Hitler set out on an overall mission to implement economic revival of Germany. He also had additional special goal which was the systematic repression of the Jews which he started after 1935. During his reign he made plenty of appearance to young and old societies that show he was personable, but majority of the Germans were still cautious while living this rigid controlled society. People would even get in trouble if they made criticizing the Nazi Party or making a joke Hitlers mustache which wasnt even as cruel as the Germany Jews were feeling. Germany Jews were not the only being disrespected by the Nazi Soldiers, Jewish people in Austria were feeling it as well as when Hitler arrived in Vienna on March 14 1938 to influence the unification of two nations. The election of Germany and Austria in 1938 was a key event that would enhance Hitlers Nazi party effectiveness further. Hitler was beginning to hit his dark era of his power and was waiting for his opportunity to increase his life mission to fight against the Jews. A turning point that fueled that urge was when a Jewish student entered a Germany embassy in France and shot a German official. Reason for this event was that the student was not happy with his parents ordered to leave Germany and expressed that being a Jew is not wrong. He responds with an organized anti-Jewish protest which led to ransacking of Jewish business and synagogues. This fueled the fear on Jews in the Germany that he would fulfill the prophecy of genocide on all Jews in Nazi Germany. In Poland he had created new concentration camps that were named for extreme cruelty and inhumane which were known as Treblinka, Maiden, and especially Auschwitz. (Giblin) By the end of 1943 Hitler was losing the war but he had the mission of his the Final Solution to exterminate Jews by shipping them to the death camps.(Giblin, Chapter 21) the Nazi party in Germany and Army were trying to sustain the momentum of the progression of Europe take over, but once Hitler received other allied forces entered the fight against Germany in 1944 it made him adjust course of actions in Poland, France, and Western Germany. This is when United States got involved as well as maintaining efforts against Japan as well who also had a portion of the Second World War. At this point Hitler and key leaders in Germany felt threatened because of allied forces being successful in infiltrating the Germany defensive lines. He and his wife fled to Berlin to a bunker that thought would be protected but Hitler received news that Benito Mussolini was captured and killed by Allied Armies. Italian forces he had were taken down and now he was put into the realization that the war he was fighting was at its end. I will not fall into the hands of the enemy, dead or alive he told his aides After I die, my body shall be burned so remain undiscovered forever (Giblin Chapter 24). After his death, many more Nazi sympathizer took their lives because the Third Reich collapsed and Admiral Donitz gave a surrender of all Germany troops to the Allied forces which was on May 8, 1945. This was known to this day as Victory in Europe and following the United States bombed Japan with atomic bombs that would change Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan in a devasting way forever. (Giblin Chapter 25).

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Dark Sides of the Mass Media - 752 Words

Media is the most powerful weapon in the world. It can make common people popular in one day, it can make an innocent person be convicted in the court of public opinion by mistake, or it can damage both the reputations and personal lives of successful people. How much and how often should the public know about personal lives of people? Is it important for mass media to carefully consider what â€Å"the right to privacy† means? Are journalists aware of the fact that they sometimes make the whole situations worse while intending to satisfy the public`s endless hunger for daily coverage of the news? Mass media`s unnecessary and constant focus on people`s lives are very bad for two main reasons. Firstly, intense attention of media can cause a lot of damage to people. For instance, â€Å"Trash or Journalism† - a program on Sensational TV describes the moment when Oliver W.Sipple deflected a gun directed at President Ford. After that courageous action, Oliver became an instan t hero and well-known. In spite of this exaltation, journalists also revealed his sexual orientation, and it sparked off severe anguish inside him. Another example is when the rushed speculation of the media can turn some people`s lives into a relentless nightmare. One example of this is Richard Jewell`s tearful story. This person saved numerous people`s lives, and he was hailed as a hero just like Oliver W.Sipple. Later, when he was accused of putting those people`s lives in danger, all media and inquisitiveShow MoreRelatedThe Media Has Become The World’S Main Source Of Information1328 Words   |  6 PagesThe media has become the world’s main source of information that construct the value and definition of people in society. It also, facilitates our understanding of our culture. The media is the motherboard of social information shapes our understanding of race and ethnicity as part of our identity, our history, our social institutions, and our everyday lives. The media educates society on who does what as well as creating certain roles for ethno- racial groups. The roles of the groups are definedRead MoreThe Effects Of Media On Our Society Essay1007 Words   |  5 PagesInfluences of Media on our Society There is no doubt that the media influences us. To state some examples to prove this claim, try answering the questions that follow. Do you feel like attempting a stunt from a movie? Do you base your fashion on what you see the celebrities are wearing? Do you copy the hairstyle of your favorite famous personalities? Have you ever attempted to walk model-like in an attempt to imitate those ramp models in fashion shows? If you answered yes to any of these questionsRead MorePower of Media in Modern World Essay examples1032 Words   |  5 PagesMedia is the most powerful sector of an economy. It is a tool to maintain a balanced society which is characterized by well informed people, effective democracy and social justice. In fact, media has unparallel influence on all aspects of human life in modern times. Basically, the media performs three functions to inform, to influence and to entertain. But effects of these functions are multidimensional in modern times. It has provided awareness about the whole world. In twenty-first century, mediaRead MoreSocial Psychology - Spin Doctoring Essay1296 Words   |  6 Pagesgarnered by environmental experts on the subject. The media and other people share the channel of communication for environmental organizations and environmentalists. Their global warming message is delivered via YouTube, television, and print media. Al Gore’s book and movie, â€Å"An Inconvenient Truth† created the most â€Å"buzz† with people and got them talking about global warming. This demonstrates the truth â€Å"†¦that the major influence on us is not the media but our contact with people.† (Myers, 2008 p. 242)Read MoreWide Awake: Katy Perry Essay1727 Words   |  7 PagesThe world will crumble because of the illuminati. It may be dramatic, but the Illuminati attack simple minds through mass media. As a result, the evil conspiracy makes the worlds entertainment look wicked. Katy Perry’s, a successful pop artist in this country and around the world, popularity skyrocketed with her danceable music and bold approach. According to commonsceneconspiracy.com (2013), her hit song â€Å"E.T .† made many believe Katy Perry â€Å"sold her soul to the devil† or the illuminati to reachRead MoreAnalysis Of Chris Hedges s Lecture On Empire Of Illusion1088 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican journalist, gave a lecture at the New School in 2009 to discuss his book Empire of Illusion: the End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle. In the lecture, he argued that majority of Americans live in an image-based society portrayed by media, and they fascinate to follow the mainstream of celebrity culture. Most people lose their own unique identity and self-determinations, and they are turned into marketable commodities because corporations influence many aspects in society, such as economicsRead MorePolarization in Us Politics1665 Words   |  7 PagesAmerican media that their politics are increasingly Polarized between the liberal voters who vote Democrat, and the more traditional conservatives who support the Republican Party. This essay will assess the evidence for whether or not the American political system is indeed polarizing, and if so, then for what reasons? The role of political elites will also be examined, whether or not they are polarizing aswell, and whether this is a large contributing cause of the polarising of the mass? ManyRead MorePreserving Liberty1743 Words   |  7 PagesOut the side window of Chapultepec Lupita Mexican Restaurant in Houston, Texas is a white Public Notary office with a colorful, geometric mural of a fierce bird rising against foreboding, building-like structures. In a corner atop the mural, Thomas Jefferson’s famous quote, â€Å"When government fears the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny† stands for all to see. Beneath Jefferson’s wise words, the artist has declared Edward Snowden and Julian Assange heroesRead MoreDifferences Between Confucianism And Confucianism1084 Words   |  5 Pagesequal to men and highly spoken of in the teachings. Taoism believes in the concept of the Yin and the Yang. This concept is that two halves, two opposites, make a whole. It is a balance, equilibrium of wholeness. The Yin is the dark side, while the Yang is the light side. We can see this balance every day in life. Like the d ay and the night, a man and a woman. There cannot be one without the other. Absence of light creates darkness; absence of heat makes it cold. When there are beautiful things,Read MorePeter Paul Rubens ( 1577-1640 )1368 Words   |  6 PagesPeter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) painted The Raising of the Cross in 1609-1610, when he was about the age of the martyred Christ. Until 1794, this colossal work (central panel: 460 x 340 cm, side panels: 460 x 150 cm) was part of the high altar of the St. Walburgis Church, which was later demolished. The painting was once taken away by the emperor when Napoleon ruled France. However, the painting was returned to Antwerp in 1815, and it is located in the Our Lady’s Cathedral since 1816. The whirling

Friday, May 15, 2020

Whats the Most Common Mineral

Depending on how the question is worded, the answer could be quartz, feldspar, or bridgmanite. It all depends on how we classify minerals and what part of the Earth were talking about.   Most Common Mineral of the Continents The most common mineral of the Earths continents—the part of the world that where humans dwell—is quartz, the mineral SiO2. Nearly all the sand in sandstone, in the deserts of the world, and on the worlds riverbeds and beaches is quartz. Quartz is also the most common mineral in granite and gneiss, which make up the majority of the deep continental crust.   Most Common Mineral of the Crust Feldspar is called a group of minerals only for the convenience of geologists. The seven major feldspars blend smoothly into each other, and their boundaries are arbitrary. Saying feldspar is like saying chocolate-chip cookies, because the name embraces a range of recipes. If you consider it as one mineral, feldspar is the most common mineral on earth, and quartz is the second most common. This is especially true when you consider the whole crust (continental plus oceanic). In chemical terms, feldspar is XZ4O8, where X is a mixture of K, Ca, and Na, and Z is a mixture of Si and Al. To the average person, even the average rockhound, feldspar looks pretty much the same no matter where it falls in that range. Also, consider that the rocks of the seafloor, the oceanic crust, have almost no quartz at all but abundant amounts of feldspar. So in the Earths crust, feldspar is the most common mineral.   Most Common Mineral of Earth The thin, rocky crust makes up only a small portion of the Earth—it occupies just 1% of its total volume and 0.5% of its total mass. Underneath the crust, a layer of hot, solid rock known as the mantle  makes up about 84% of the total volume and 67% of the total mass of the planet. The  Earths core, which accounts for 16% of its total volume and 32.5% of its total mass,  is liquid iron and nickel, which are elements and not minerals. Drilling past the crust presents major difficulties, so geologists study how seismic waves behave in the mantle in order to understand its composition.  These seismic studies show that the mantle itself is divided into several layers, the largest of which is the lower mantle. The lower mantle ranges from 660 to 2700 km in depth and accounts for roughly half of the planets volume. This layer is made up mostly of the mineral bridgmanite, a very dense magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg,Fe)SiO3.   Bridgmanite makes up around 38% of the planets total volume, meaning it is by far the most abundant mineral on Earth. Although scientists have known about its existence for years, they had not been able to observe, analyze, or name the mineral because it does not (and can not) rise from the depths of the lower mantle to the surface of the Earth. It was historically referred to as perovskite, as the  International Mineralogical Association does not allow formal names for minerals unless they have been examined in person. That all changed in 2014 when mineralogists found bridgmanite in a meteorite that had crashed into Australia in 1879.  During impact, the meteorite was subjected to temperatures in excess of 3600 degrees F and pressures around 24 gigapascal, similar to what is found in the lower mantle. Bridgmanite was named in honor of  Percy Bridgman, who won a Nobel Prize in 1946 for his research of materials at very high pressures. Your Answer Is... If asked this question on a quiz or test, make sure to look carefully at the wording before answering (and be prepared to argue). If you see the words continent or continental crust in the question, then your answer is most likely quartz. If you just see the word crust, then the answer is probably feldspar. If the question does not mention the crust at all, go with bridgmanite.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Strategy Implementation - 852 Words

Organizations successful at strategy implementation effectively manage six key supporting factors : 1. Action Planning 2. Organization Structure 3. Human Resources 4. The Annual Business Plan 5. Monitoring and Control 6. Linkage. | | | | Action PlanningFirst, organizations successful at implementing strategy develop detailed action plans... chronological lists of action steps (tactics) which add the necessary detail to their strategies. And assign responsibility to a specific individual for accomplishing each of those action steps. Also, they set a due date and estimate the resources required to accomplish each of their†¦show more content†¦First, consideration of human resources requires that management think about the organizations communication needs. That they articulate the strategies so that those charged with developing the corresponding action steps (tactics) fully understand the strategy theyre to implement.Second, managers successful at implementation are aware of the effects each new strategy will have on their human resource needs. They ask themselves the questions... How much change does this strategy call for? And, How quickly must we provide for that change? And, What are the human resource i mplications of our answers to those two questions? In answering these questions, theyll decide whether to allow time for employees to grow through experience, to introduce training, or to hire new employees.The Annual Business PlanOrganizations successful at implementation are aware of their need to fund their intended strategies. And they begin to think about that necessary financial commitment early in the planning process. First, they ballpark the financial requirements when they first develop their strategy. Later when developing their action plans, they firm up that commitment. As a client of ours explains, they dollarize their strategy. That way, they link their strategic plan to their annual business plan (and their budget). And they eliminate the surprises they might otherwise receive at budgeting time.Monitoring Show MoreRelatedStrategy Implementation Organization Strategy Evaluation1280 Words   |  6 Pagesï  ¶ Strategy Evaluation: Introduction Participants in strategi c evaluation Analysis of External Environment Organization Setting objective (Long Short Term) Strategy Formulation Strategy Implementation Organization Strategy Evaluation Strategy Evaluation: Strategy Evaluation can be defined as a process of determining the effectiveness of a given strategy. Therefore, the purpose of strategy evaluation is to evaluate the effectiveness of a strategy that the organization to achieveRead MoreImplementation Strategies in the Market-Driven Strategy2959 Words   |  12 PagesMARKETING IN THE 21ST CENTURY COMMENTARY Implementation Strategies in the Market-Driven Strategy Era David W. Cravens Texas Christian University The very insightful analysis of marketing strategy implementation by Piercy (1998 [this issue]) points to several key issues concerning the role of marketing in the 21st century. Perhaps most compelling is his assessment of the potential threats to the role of marketing in the organization and implementation in particular. He examines several importantRead MoreProper Strategy Implementation And Evaluation Of Dish Network1386 Words   |  6 PagesThis essay will react to the proper strategy implementation and evaluation that should be adopted by Dish Network. Dish is an American based corporation that provides broadcasting services to clients via television and the internet. A strategic management plan such as that possessed by Dish can be successfully implemented when a high focus is placed on measuring the level of performance and commitment in the implementation and evaluation phases. The strategic plan should be evaluated before, andRead MoreCentura Health Implementation Strategy Plan1502 Words   |  7 PagesCentura Health Implementation Strategy Centura Health is their region’s largest hospital system that is faith based and not-for-profit, located in Colorado and Western Kansas. This system includes 15 hospitals plus more affiliated hospitals, over 100 physician practices, senior living communities, Flight for Life, Centura Health at Home, and laboratory services (Centura, 2014). The power, size, and large scale of this system causes it to be a god system to analyze during states of change. CurrentlyRead MoreA Proposed Communication Strategy Throughout The Implementation Of The Marketing Activities Essay1638 Words   |  7 Pages6. A proposed communication strategy throughout the implementation of the marketing activities. Your communication strategy should ensure that all team members are kept informed of each other’sactivities. ï‚ § Draft an email, formal letter or other written response: since the involved stakeholders of this project are from both internal and external consultants and experts, emails, business letters and correspondences are the best and efficient way to convey and deliver the required business messagesRead MoreStrategic Marketing Management : Analysis Strategy, Implementation, And Control Of Marketing Activities1128 Words   |  5 Pagesanalysis strategy, implementation, and control of marketing activities in order to achieve organisation s objectives,† (Jack in the box, 2014). Through strategic planning, the company can break down their SMM into three main questions. What is the business doing now, what is happening in the environment, and what should the business be doing? (Hooley, G et al, 2012). A big part of addressing these three questions is planning, implementing and evaluating how effective different strategies are. StrategiesRead MoreStrategic Planning And Planning For An Multinational Corporate Boardrooms Discuss Planned Strategies, Organizational Actions, And Integrated Implementation Essay1944 Words   |  8 PagesMention strategic planning and people envision multinational corporate boardrooms discussing planned strategies, organizational actions, and integrated implementation schedules to spearhead billion-dollar endeavors across the globe. And on the whole, that mental depiction validates plenty of scenarios as part of a larger strategic planning process. Essentially, the plan represents one critical component of a comprehensive [strategic planning] process seeking to attain acknowledged goals throughRead MoreThe Strategy And Its Implementation1247 Words   |  5 Pages2.12 STRATEGY AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION 2.13 Introduction: The definition of the strategy and its determination The roots of the concept of strategy in war go back centuries, including Sun Tzu 500 BC and Karl von Clausewitz 18th century. From, which an historical body of literature was established in business sciences and business management, including and the concept of competitive advantage created by Michael Porter has strongly criticised this development firmly in his article (1996) by sayingRead MoreThe Implementation Of Organizational Strategies1001 Words   |  5 PagesMy action research question is, how will the implementation of organizational strategies impact student independence in a high school special education classroom? I was hoping that through the use of organizational strategies, that the students in a special education setting would gain independence, such as starting and finishing assignments independently, turning assignments in on time, and aware of upcoming assessments in order to better prepare them for life after high school. At the start ofRead MoreChallenges of S trategy Implementation1316 Words   |  6 PagesCHALLENGES OF STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION Potential Challenges of Strategy Implementation Strategy implementation starts with a series of brainstorming sessions. According to a study by Michael Beer and Russell A. Eisenstat, published in the summer 2000 issue of Sloan Management Review, the six silent killers of strategy implementation are top-down or complacent upper management, unclear strategy and conflicting priorities, ineffective senior management team, poor vertical communication, poor

The Influence of Leadership on Organizational Culture

THE INFLUENCE OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE Leadership is a matter of intelligence, trustworthiness, humaneness, courage, and discipline . . . Reliance on intelligence alone results in rebelliousness. Exercise of humaneness alone results in weakness. Fixation on trust results in folly. Dependence on the strength of courage results in violence. Excessive discipline and sternness in command result in cruelty. When one has all five virtues together, each appropriate to its function, and then one can be a leader. — Sun Tzu 1 Leadership is and has been described as the â€Å"process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task†[1]. A definition more†¦show more content†¦Furthermore, leaders who plan to implement knowledge management initiatives need to assess the stage of their organizational growth as different types of cultural transformation mechanisms should deployed in accordance to the different stages of organizational growth. 7. Viitala agreed with Schein’s contention on the significant roles played by leadership on the knowledge-supportive organizational culture. She asserted that leaders are â€Å"creators of organizational climate†¦who make interventions to the community of work are safe and supportive in order to facilitate learning†. She further proposed the term knowledge leadership as the most suitable leadership in knowledge management implementation. Knowledge leadership is a participative leadership that create climate to promote learning, support learning process at individual and group level and inspires employees toward continual development. The most important principle is that the knowledge leaders must â€Å"lead by example† [7]. Riebera and Sitar (2003) did not propose any new breed of leadership for the knowledge management but highlighted the imperative roles of leadership in implementation of knowledge-supportive culture. 8. A research worth highlighting is done by Politis (2001) on the relationship of different types of leaderships to knowledge management. Finding of his research showed that leadership styles that involve humanShow MoreRelatedThe Theory Of Leadership And Its Influence On The Organizational Culture1671 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Leadership has been defined in various ways according to different schools of thoughts and approaches in which the concept has been looked at, but the general ideas that leadership is about the effective vision drawing, planning for achieving the goals, motivating people towards the pre-determined achievements, monitoring the performance, reviewing the results of past agendas and ability to avoid shortcomings if present. There are several theories of leadership depending on the approachesRead MoreLeadership Influences Organizational Culture And Employee Commitment1502 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"There is a need for greater attention to be paid to understanding the mechanisms and processes through which leadership influences organizational culture and employee commitment, in order to develop a more complete understanding of the inner workings of leadership† (Bass, as cited by Aolio et al 2004 p.952) . Ellemers, Gilder, and Haslam (2004) agree that â€Å"additional understan ding of work motivation can be gained by incorporating insights into social identity processes† (p. 459). Since motivationalRead MoreLeadership Theory And Organizational Culture1361 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract The role of leadership has evolved over the years. Early leadership theories focused on the characteristics of the leader and have shifted to focus on the leader’s behavior, skills and style. Emerging leadership theories continued to shift focus to team leadership and subordinate motivation. Organizational culture is exists in all organizations and influences the work environment. Researchers have studied leadership and organizational culture individually; however there have been less focusRead MoreLeadership and Organizational Culture Essay1310 Words   |  6 PagesLEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE In this paper I will discuss the effects and responsibilities leaders have on an organizational culture. I believe leaders have an enormous effect on the well-being of an organizational culture. Leaders must take an active role within their organizations culture. Whether positive or negative, in an organization, things tend to follow suit down hill. A leader has the power and influence to maintain, create, or repair an organizational culture. However, thisRead MoreCitigroup : A Leading Multinational Investment Banking And Financial Services Corporation1653 Words   |  7 Pageswill be a direct reflection of how effectively my leadership skills will influence our organizational culture. Empowering Leadership and Organizational Culture The expectations for today’s workforce are as diverse as the workforce itself. With changes in workplace trends driven by new technology and Millennials and Generation Z’ers becoming the largest share of the American workforce, organizations are demanding more from their employees and leadership teams (Fry, 2015). As a result, there is a paradigmRead MoreOrganizational Culture and National Culture in Multinational Companies1745 Words   |  7 Pagescultural shock among leaderships and employees. Organizational culture and national culture are significantly important in current marketing environment. Organizational culture mainly shows the value and the roles inside the organization. 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International Management of Officeworks-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the International Management of Officeworks. Answer: Introduction Expanding the business in new markets includes a great a market research with determining the target customers. The organizations need to understand the market and consider different factors of market. They have to plan a market entry strategy for offering products and services to a new country. The organization that is taken into consideration for this report is Officeworks. Officeworks is a chain of office supplies and stationary products in Australia that is operated by Wesfarmers Limited. The organization is analyzing the market of Sri Lanka, where it is planning to enter in. This report includes different marketing aspects, like; situational analysis, market analysis, organizational assets and skills analysis and SWOT analysis of Officeworks entering into Sri Lanka. As Sri Lanka is known as a fast growing middle income nation and now it is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, so it can be beneficial for Officeworks to expand business in Sri Lanka. Situational Analysis Business Environment (PESTLE Analysis) It is very important that a company looks at new countrys business environment before starting its business operations and marketing activities. The organization needs to consider its external environment, which can affect its business operations and growth in new market. PESTLE analysis is one of the major tools that can be used to analyze different factors in environment. These factors are political factors, economic factors, social factors, technological factors, legal factors and environmental factors (Ambos Hkanson, 2014). Political Factors Sri Lanka is a democratic nation with semi-presidential political system, in which the constitution is changed by its two-third of population. By looking at this, it can be stated that Sri Lanka is communist democratic nation, where the public have their own selections to spend money on products. It is favorable for Officeworks, it expands its business Sri Lanka. The people are free to use the products of Officeworks. The company is offering the products at comparatively lower prices, so it will be better to expand its business in Sri Lanka (Anderson, Narus Narayandas, 2009). Economic Factors Currently, Sri Lanka is a middle income level nation and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. As per the figures of IMF, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Sri Lanka is increasing consistently with which it offers an opportunity to organizations to enter in the market and get returns. By expanding business in Sri Lanka, Officeworks can increase its returns on investment and business revenues. Officeworks can have the benefits in developing country as the firm can have opportunity to capture the industry from expansion and it also assists the Officeworks in increasing its market coverage (Bull et al, 2016). Social Factors Social factors in Sri Lanka have affected the retail sector in different aspects. The country has a population of more than 20 million people and it is far ahead than its neighboring countries in achieving human development objectives. The country is considering the factors, which are responsible for social development of people. The literacy rate in the country is very high, i.e. 92.5%, so Officeworks can get more skilled labor force for its stores. The company can have more benefits by selling school supplies in the country, as the country is very much focused on education and literacy rate. Changing perceptions and consciousness of public can increase sales of Officeworks International (Hill, 2008). Technological Factors Apart from the natural and human resources, which are available in the country, the technological factors in market may affect attractiveness and brand image in Sri Lanka retail industry. The country has more than 2 million internet users in the year 2011. Telecommunication industry is growing very fast, so Officework should sell its products online with the similar prices as its stores. However, the company can deliver the products by booking order on telephone. The company can use some innovative processes to increase its customer base. Thus, technology can support Officeworks organization in expanding its business in Sri Lanka (Wesfarmers Limited, 2011). Legal Factors The laws in Sri Lanka are very complicated, so it can create a barrier to entry for Officeworks. Due to this, the organization is not able to carry its trade processes freely. These complications in laws and authorities can resist the growth of Officeworks by abandoning it to pursue the transactions without taking permission. In addition, the country does not have strict labor laws and rules that can generate issues to the companies (Hollensen, 2015). Market Analysis As Officeworks is planning to expand its business operations to Sri Lanka, so it needs to analyze various marketing aspect on the country. As it can be seen that market of Sri Lanka is considered as one of the best industry that comes in top 20 markets, which offers consumers goods to the customers. This country has a considerable GDP, due to this the country attracts many developed organizations to expand business in its market and carry business processes in the country. Market Characteristics In this process, Officeworks will determine the prices, which are placed by the customers on the services that they offer. The company will decide the prices according to the B2B, retail demand, payment plans and promotional sales (Hill, 2008). The organization will use different and effective distribution channels for promoting the products in Sri Lanka. It will start the sale of products in the beginning of school year. It will offer the discounts at the beginning of school session and at the end of financial year. The media channels, which it can use, are Television, Radio, Internet, Social networking sites, Billboards, flyers etc. Market Segmentation The company is categorizing the market in smaller parts of consumers with same needs and wants. Officeworks runs its business in the international market of stationary and office supplies. It is more than a stationary store and specifically it is focused on office supplies. For targeting the market, the company is implementing multiple segment specialization strategy, through which it is targeting diverse market (Wesfarmers Limited, 2011). Target Market and Customer Characteristics While targeting the market, the company is considering the demographic characteristics. Officeworks has a different range of target audiences. It is focusing on both the genders. Along with this, the major target audience for the company may be business administration, engineers and office workers. Though, it is offering a wide range of products, so it can target children for school supplies. Officeworks International is focusing on the young families, which possess higher purchasing power (Hollensen, 2015). Competitive Analysis There are so many competitors in Australian retail and stationary markets, which are posing threat to Officeworks Organization. In Australia, the major competitors of Officeworks are, such as; Bunnings Warehouse, Mothercare, Toys R Us. As the company is planning to enter into Sri Lanka, so the organization may have intense competition in the new market. The biggest competitor in the industry is Ceylon Pencil Co. Pvt. Ltd. Other potential competitors are like; Atlas Sri Lanka, Eco Stationary, Rasaga Trading Ltd etc. Although, Officeworks have a good brand reputation in other countries, so it can get better position in Sri Lanka also (Morschett, Schramm-Klein Zentes, 2015). Yes, Officeworks may have the threat of substitutes in the industry. The substitutes of the stationary stores are super markets and hypermarkets. The people can buy these products from departmental stores and other stores. Organizational Assets and Skills Officeworks possesses various assets and skills, which are contributing it in gaining effective competitive advantage against its competitors in the current market (Landrum, Gardner Boje, 2014). The company is a major retailer and supplier of office products and solutions for education, business and home. Currently, this organization has various stores and business channel that provides the customers three modes of shopping. i.e. online, in store and via phone. It has a large customer base in the perspective industry. As per the figures of 2016, the revenues of company are 1.9 billion and total assets of the company are 1.4 billion. The market value of the company is measured between $1.14 billion and $1.52 billion. The organization possesses effective technological capabilities and resources. It offers a variety of in-store printing services for the needs of business, school and home. Company is producing the sustainable paper sources. It has partnered with the Australian Paper to produce the papers and other products. The organization has created a production team, which is actively engaged in processes. The company has developed good relationships with its suppliers, who supply it raw materials (Officeworks International, 2017). It is encouraging the people and suppliers to increase the use of post-consumer recycled fiber and material in production of paper. Officeworks is implementing an automated delivery system by new technology to offer consistent delivery of products. With this, the organization has selected PageUps Unified knowledge management system. Officeworks is supporting the proactive organizational culture and engaging its people, who are very passionate about working for this organization. The organizational philosophy of Officeworks is support for life. It is aligning the knowledge management strategies and performance of employees to the overall strategic of company (Deresky, 2017). At the organization, use of technology and technical skills is very important to maintain sustainable competitive advantage. This internal analysis shows that the company has sufficient skills and assets to get competitive advantage over its potential competitors. SWOT Analysis Strengths Officeworks have more than 150 stores in all the states of Australia and more than 6000 employees Bulk purchase of office supplies provides it an advantage over price. Free delivery of products in major cities Fun activities at stores for engaging the children Solid online presence Officeworks offers the products on rent too (Hollensen, 2015). Weaknesses At the stores of Officeworks, the furniture is not different and it is generic Geographic positioning is the major reason behind limitations Small business units Opportunities It can have more focus on school stationary supplies This organization can provide some unique and designer furniture for home and office use It can expand its business in nearby countries like; Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and New Zealand etc. Expansion of children section will attract their mothers to buy the products from Officeworks. Threats It has competition from hypermarkets and supermarkets , which provide same products Competition from local retailers Departmental stores with same pricing The products sold at Officeworks store are available at lower prices at their factory outlet and websites of organization (Landrum, Gardner Boje, 2014). Conclusion Thus, Officeworks organization can expand its business in Sri Lanka successfully. Almost all the factors of external environment are favorable for the organization. Legal factors may create the barriers to entry in new market. The company has effective skills and assets to deal with its existing and potential competitors. It has an intense competition in both the industries, i.e. Australia and Sri Lanka. In this way, it will be beneficial for company to expand its business in Sri Lanka. References Ambos, B., Hkanson, L. (2014). The concept of distance in international management research.Journal of International Management,20(1), 1-7. Anderson, J. C., Narus, J. A., Narayandas, D. (2009). Business market management: Understanding, creating, and delivering value. Pearson Prentice Hall. Bull, J. W., Jobstvogt, N., Bhnke-Henrichs, A., Mascarenhas, A., Sitas, N., Baulcomb, C. Carter-Silk, E. (2016). Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats: A SWOT analysis of the ecosystem services framework.Ecosystem services,17, 99-111. Deresky, H. (2017).International management: Managing across borders and cultures. Pearson Education India. Hill, C. (2008). International business: Competing in the global market place.Strategic Direction,24(9). Hollensen, S. (2015).Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education. Landrum, N. E., Gardner, C., Boje, D. M. (2014). An integral foundation for international strategic management.Humanistic Perspectives on International Business and Management, 120-133. Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., Zentes, J. (2015).Strategic international management. Springer. Officeworks International. (2017). Introducing Officeworks. Retrieved from https://www.officeworks.lk/About-Officeworks-international.html. Wesfarmers Limited. (2011). Officeworks cuts ties with papermaker. Retrieved from https://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/latest/officeworks-cuts-ties-with-papermaker/news-story/bdbd533cd48fb73bec283a8cc84d6190